What is a vernal pool?

A vernal pool is a temporary wetland, which fills annually from precipitation, melting snow and rising groundwater. Most years they become completely dry, losing water through evaporation and transpiration. The wet-dry cycle prevents fish populations from establishing but provides a productive, temporary habitat for a wide variety of species including salamanders, frogs and turtles to name a few.

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1. What is a vernal pool?
2. Why are vernal pools important?
3. Why should I have my vernal pool certified?